Car Owner’s Puzzles

Can a specific subject provokes interest to Math?

For example, cars. How much does the gas cost in a month? What speed to choose? When do I need to change the tires? How to be on time? How much do I pay for a car during its life? . . .

 

What are other intersting subjects? Finance? Love? Sport?

Fermi Problem

Often, a problem solver might estimate the required value without very much information. He/she might aim to get an order of magnitude estimate. The estimation technique is named after physicist Enrico Fermi, as he was known for his ability to make good approximate calculations with little or no actual data. Fermi problems typically involve making justified guesses about quantities and their variance or lower and upper bounds.

The classic Fermi problem, generally attributed to Fermi, is “How many piano tuners are there in Chicago?” – Wikipedia

Several simple examples of Aplusclick Fermi problems:

Lightening Strike  Lightnings over lake Balaton

Tennis Balls in a Bus

English Language Words

Demographics

Lady’s Age

Security Control

Classics of Recreational Math

The classical recreational math authors are Lewis Carroll,  Henry DudleyMartin GardnerSam Loyd, and Yakov Perelman.

This an example of classical math puzzles: http://www.aplusclick.com/k/5423.htm :

(102 + 112 + 122) – (132 + 142) = ?

The picture “Mental Count” of Russian painter Nikolay Bogdanov-Belsky contains the simple calculation. Image source : Wikipedia

427px-BogdanovBelsky_UstnySchet

 

Logical Reasoning in Pattern Recognition

Bongard problem is a kind of puzzle invented by the Soviet computer scientist Michael Bongard (1924–1971) in the mid-1960s. He died in 1971 during a hiking expedition in the Pamir Mountains. The tests played an important role in the disciplines of cognitive psychology and cognitive science. Human logical reasoning has a great advantage over computer intelligence.

Be smart.   Train your brain!

Here several problems similar to the original Bongard problems go:

What is the main difference between the pictures on the left page and on the right page?

A. z5461

B. z5462

C. z5468

Try to solve the problem yourself before looking for the answers  in the A+Click Brainteaser Problems.

 

 

Harry Foundalis collected hundreds of Bongard problems.

 

The logic puzzle almost everyone gets wrong

This is a very famous logic problem:

“Jack is looking at Anne, but Anne is looking at George. Jack is married, but George is not. Is a married person looking at an unmarried person?

  • A: Yes
  • B: No
  • C: Cannot be determined”

married

According to the Keith E. Stanovich in Scientific American more than 80 percent of people choose C, which is not the correct answer. The correct answer is A. Why?

This is another example of a similar problem:

There are only two handshakes in a meeting: John shakes hands with a person, this person shakes hands with Anna. Does a man shake hands with a woman in the meeting?

Answer

Dream Math

Everybody dreams.

rsauter-boyThe boy dreams of being an astronaut.

How long does he need to study and work until his dream can become reality?

Answer

 

Which job does not require math?

 

The photograph courtesy of Roland Sauter

 

Extraordinary Math Teaching by Dan Finkel

Dan Finkel suggested principles of extraordinary math teaching:

Math can the best of time or the worst of time.

 

 

1) Start with a question.

2) Thinking happens only when you have time to struggle.

3) (Teacher), you are not the answer key.

4) Say yes to your students’ ideas.

5) Play!

A marvelous quotation is attributed to the most brilliant scientist of the modern age, Albert Einstein: “Play is the highest form of research.”