= replaces “*is equal to*”

+ replaces “*and*”

× replaces “*multiplied by*”

. . . .

There are many Greek symbols like π ∑ and special symbols like √ ∞ ∈ in mathematics.

John David Walters explains where math symbols come from in the video:

]]>The term “Boolean algebra” honors George Boole (1815–1864), a self-educated English mathematician. Boolean algebra captures essential properties of both set operations and logic operations. Boolean logic is credited with laying the foundations for the information age (computers and cell phones).

One of the puzzles on Boolean logic:

There are three balls X, Y and Z. They are colored red, white and blue, but not necessarily in this order. One, but only one, of the following statements is true:

X is red

Y is not red

Z is not blue

How many solutions does the puzzle have?

Think yourself before checking the solution.

]]>How many times higher is the probability of being inspected at station C than at station A?

Are you eager to know the answer? Try yourself before reading how Markov Chain helps to solve the problem. The answer is here.

The perfect explanation is given in the PBS Infinite Series video:

]]>A big number of people can lack basic math skills.

]]>“Chess is a mathematical poem” – *Aarushi Maheshwari *

- Notches (cuts or indentation) on animal bones prove that humans have been doing
**mathematics since around 30,000 BC**. - Ancient Greeks used little rocks to represent numbers. The name of
**Calculus**means**pebbles**in Greek. - The
**=**sign (“equals sign”) was invented by**16th Century**Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde, who was fed up with writing “is equal to” in his equations. - The word
**hundred**is derived from the word “hundrath”, which actually means**120**and not 100. **Zero**(0) is the only number which cannot be represented by**Roman numerals**.- Many Chinese hospitals do not have a 4th floor because the words
**four**in Japanese, Cantonese, Mandarin and Korean (shi, sei, si, sa) sound the same as the words in those languages for**death**. **Forty**is the only number with letters in alphabetical order, while**one**is the only one with letters in reverse order.- The number
**5**is pronounced as ‘**Ha**‘ in Thai language. 555 is also used by some as slang for ‘HaHaHa’. **Zero**is an**even**number. Mathematicians remember it. Many people take longer to decide whether it is even or odd.

Euler’s identity is often cited as an example of deep mathematical beauty.

*Constance Reid*: Euler’s identity is “the most famous formula in all mathematics”.

Euler’s Identity is a special case of his formula from complex analysis suggested by Swiss mathematician *Euler* in 1748.

The identity links five fundamental mathematical constants:

- The number
**0** - The number
**1** - The number
**π**(**π**= 3.141 . . .) - The number
(**e**= 2.718 . . .)**e** - The number
, the imaginary unit of the complex numbers.*i*

Euler’s Identity “is absolutely paradoxical; we cannot understand it, and we don’t know what it means, but we have proved it, and therefore we know it must be the truth”. – *Benjamin Peirce*.

Aplusclcik team chose 17 Best Puzzles of 2017.

They are:

What country has the lowest birth rate in the World?

If certain words in this question are spelt wrong, how many of the eighteen words are spelt wrong?

A claustrophobic gentleman chooses his place in the train that will enter a tunnel just after the station. Where is the best place for him?

Read more at

]]>2011 England Survey: **49 of 100** adults lacked of numeracy Level 1 skills (fractions, percentage, and decimals). *The figure is only shocking for 51% of population.*

OECD reported (PIAACX2012) that **forty percent** of USA young people aged 16-19 were below Level 2.

This is statistics. Statistics is a part of mathematics and it is about **us** as a group.

There are two categories of people who can and who cannot do numbers.

Are You in a category of people who are comfortable with numbers? Check / train yourself at the website A+Click

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