Markov Chain in Every Day Life

The picture shows a subway map.  A team of inspectors verifies passengers’ tickets at a station on a line, or all lines through it if there are many lines.  Then they randomly choose the next neighboring station and move there to make their inspection.

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Subway map

How many times higher is the probability of being inspected at station C than at station A?

Are you eager to know the answer? Try yourself before reading how Markov Chain helps to solve the problem. The answer is here.

 

 

The perfect explanation is given in the PBS Infinite Series video:

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Interesting Maths Facts

 

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  • Notches (cuts or indentation) on animal bones prove that humans have been doing mathematics since around 30,000 BC.
  • Ancient Greeks used little rocks to represent numbers. The name of Calculus means pebbles in Greek.
  • The = sign (“equals sign”) was invented by 16th Century Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde, who was fed up with writing “is equal to” in his equations.
  • The word hundred is derived from the word “hundrath”, which actually means 120 and not 100.
  • Zero (0) is the only number which cannot be represented by Roman numerals.
  • Many Chinese hospitals do not have a 4th floor  because the words four in Japanese, Cantonese, Mandarin and Korean (shi, sei, si, sa) sound the same as the words in those languages for death.
  • Forty is the only number with letters in alphabetical order, while one is the only one with letters in reverse order.
  • The number 5 is pronounced as ‘Ha‘ in Thai language. 555 is also used by some as slang for ‘HaHaHa’.
  • Zero is an even number. Mathematicians remember it. Many people take longer to decide whether it is even or odd.