The top OECD countries were Singapore, Japan, Estonia, Finland and Canada. These countries also achieve high levels of performance and equity in education outcomes.
More than one in four students in Beijing-Shanghai-Jiangsu-Guangdong (China), Hong Kong (China), Singapore and Chinese Taipei are top-performing students in mathematics, a higher share than anywhere else.
Students in larger schools score higher in science and are more likely than students in smaller schools. Students in smaller schools reported a better disciplinary climate.
Gender gap: the share of top performers in science is larger among boys than among girls. Finland is the only country in which girls are more likely to be top performers than boys. Girls mostly seek positions in the health sector and boys in becoming ICT professionals, scientists or engineers.
Five sample PISA Math questions:
- Many years ago
- Australia, Germany, and USA
- Math test score